The word has its origins in France deriving from Latin word “colere” meaning to tend to the earth and grow, or cultivation and nurture. Culture as we know it, has straight relation with the especial characteristics a group of people has covering their language, religions, social habits, musical and art taste, etc.

The Center for Advance Research on Language Acquisition though, includes in the definition below, some shared behavioral patterns and interactions the group might have, as well as cognitive constructions and the way they understand their surroundings.

BUT DO THEY SHARE THE SAME GOALS?

Here you are able to find a little approach defining “each culture”

Western Culture

Referred for European countries and the ones they have influenced, like the United States, Latin, and diverse ethnic groups. This culture defined as such, has its roots in the Classical Period of the Greco- Roman Era, besides the rise of Christianity in the late 14th century.

Eastern Culture

Contrary to the Western culture, this one refers to Far East Asia countries like Japan and Vietnam, and the Indian subcontinent. Likewise the before described culture, religion has a great influence upon their actions and internal organizations since their first stages of development. The religion that prevails over the culture is Buddhism. 

 

Latin Culture

This culture is mostly referred as for the Spanish-speaking groups or nations, like Central and South America. It is known for their dancing movements and taste in certain music genres.

Middle Eastern Culture

This area covers approximately 20 countries; therefore, not every aspect of the culture is shared by them all, but most. Some common things are the Arabic language and religion; however, there exists a wide variety of dialects making the communication between them all quite difficult. This culture is associated with Judaism, Christianity and Islam as major world religions.

African Culture

This culture is considered as essential within the previously mentioned cultures, due to of the origin of human life near 60,000 years ago (Natural History Museum). It is rich in tribes and ethnic groups throughout the 54 countries in the continent. Especially in dialect these are powerful enough to add the world numerous traditions and linguistic codes. Its Northwest sector is strongly tied to the Middle East, differentiating themselves from the Sub-African culture in historical, social and even physical characteristics (University of Colorado).  These have numerous languages for their own as well as musical styles and cuisines, which greatly differ, from the previous Northwest African area.

 

Cultures are constantly changing

The main elements that conform the equation of any culture arouse problems between them as a consequence of intolerance for diversities and different identities. Not only affects the culture and their members attitude but also the way they act and tend to behave in order to accomplish something. This is even considered as part of a course program of a University due to the possibilities of having a cross-cultural scenario in class (More details can be read in the following link).

Is there any substantial factor or characteristic proper of actions adopted towards achieving a goal? Yes, there is: self-consistency. It is believed this has to do with how much importance one gives to the goal rather than the action to achieve it as they want or would like to maintain the same goal for long time. There was a study made with Japanese, people from Hong Kong and the USA, which were tested according to two questionnaires. The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether people’s beliefs about any hint of consistency in their behavior (in different situations). The first questionnaire measured people’s beliefs on the behavioral consistency in several situations. Whereas the second one, was about giving people a set of situations were they had to identify them either as involving a goal or an action. The results showed the North Americans and Chinese had a perception of their actions and consistent, contrary to what Japanese believed. The first two also, linked their behavior with the goal rather than with the action itself. The problem though, appears when people are still leaving after accomplishing a goal, and then if they did not focused on the process of getting it, then the feedback and after-goal behavior will not be positive or consistent.

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